indirect change

Perubahan Tense Pada The Statement Dalam Indirect Speech

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Pada kesempatan kali ini, kita akan membahas tentang kalimat pernyataan yang ada pada kalimat tidak Langsung Indirect Speech. Tentunya kalian sudah mengerti pengertian dari kalimat tidak Langsung (Indirect Speech), Tapi hanya untuk mengingatkan kawan bahwa kalimat tidak langsung (indirect speech) adalah kalimat yang berasal dari pernyataan si pembicara (orang pertama) yang disampaikan kepada si pendengar (orang kedua) dan si pendengar (orang kedua) menyampaikan kembali kepada orang lain (orang ketiga).

indirect change

Didalam kalimat tidak Langsung (The Indirect Speech) ada beberapa hal yang harus kalian perhatikan mengenai perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi pada kalimat tidak Langsung Indirect Speech, antara lain seperti pada Pernyataan (The statement). Untuk lebih jelasnya perhatikan dibawah ini:

Pernyataan (The statement) merupakan jenis kalimat yang bisa berbentuk kalimat positif (affirmative) dan kalimat negative. Kalimat tersebut bisa menggunakan bentuk pola kalimat (tense) dan biasanya akan mengalami perubahan dalam bentuk personal pronoun atau pola kalimatnya (tense). Berikut ini adalah perubahan yang terjadi pada pernyataan (The Statement) Dalam Indirect Speech (Kalimat Tidak Langsung). perhatikan penjelasan dibawah ini:

a. Tidak Mengalami Perubahan Tense

Ketentuan-ketentuan apabila pada kalimat Langsung (The Direct Speech) diubah menjadi kalimat tidak langsung (The Indirect Speech) tidak akan mengalami perubahan tense jika induk kalimatnya menjadi bentuk:

  1. The Present Tense

Pada bentuk ini kita sebelumnya sudah mempelajari The Present Tense bahwa fungsi dari jenis pola kalimat ini adalah untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang biasa dilakukan di masa lampau dan kebiasaan itu masih dilakukan dimasa sekarang. Untuk subjek “ she, he, it” menggunakan “Has + bare infinitive”, sedangkan subjek “you, they we dan I” menggunakan “have + bare infinitive” pada reporting verb nya. Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : Melani says, “I am busy”.
    Indirect Speech : Melani says tahta she is busy
  • Direct Speech : They say, “You are late”.
    Indirect Speech : They say that you were late

2.The Present Perfect Tense

Pada bentuk ini kita sebelumnya sudah mempelajari The Present Perfect Tense bahwa fungsi dari jenis pola kalimat ini adalah untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang telah terjadi di masa lampau dan sudah selesai dimasa sekarang meski waktu jelasnya tidak diberitahu. Untuk subjek “ she, he, it” menggunakan “Has + past participle”, sedangkan subjek “you, they we dan I” menggunakan “have + past participle” pada reporting verb nya. Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini

  • Direct Speech : Diana has said, “I have eaten”.
    Indirect Speech : Diana has said that She has eaten
  • Direct Speech : You have said, “I have not understood”.
    Indirect Speech : You have said that you have not understood

3.The Future Tense

Pada bentuk ini kita sebelumnya sudah mempelajari The Future Tense bahwa fungsi dari jenis pola kalimat ini adalah untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang akan terjadi di masa depan. Untuk subjek “you, they, she, he, it” menggunakan “will”, sedangkan subjek “we dan I” menggunakan “shall” pada reporting verb nya. Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : Maria will say, “I will make a something for you”.
    Indirect Speech : Maria will say that she will make a something for me
  • Direct Speech : Yohana will say, “ I will not follow”.
    Indirect Speech : Yohana will say that she will not follow

b. Mengalami Perubahan Tense

ketentuan-ketentuan Jika induk kalimat langsung (direct speech) dalam bentuk lampau (past tense), maka kalimat tak langsung (indirect speech) mengalami perubahan bentuk lampau (past tense) sebagai berikut:

  1. The Simple Present Tense è The Simple Past Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : She told me, “I am busy”.
    Indirect Sppech : She told me that she was busy
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I love you”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you love me
  1. The Present Continuous Tense è The Past Continuous Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : She told me, “I am writing the letter”.
    Indirect Sppech : She told me that she was writing the letter
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “we are not sitting on the chair”
    Indirect Speech  : You told me that they were not sitting on the chair
  1. The Present Perfect Continuous è The Past Perfect Continuous

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : he told me, “I has not collected the homework”.
    Indirect Sppech : he told me that he had not collected the homework
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I have listened the announcement”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you had listened the announcement
  1. The Simple Past Tense è The Past Perfect Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : he told me, “I did the homework”.
    Indirect Sppech : he told me that he had done the homework
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I listened the announcement”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you had listened the announcement
  1. The Past continuous tense è The Past Perfect continuous tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : She told me, “I was not crying”.
    Indirect Sppech :s he told me that she had not been crying
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “you and I were walking together”.
    Indirect Speech : You told me that I and you had been walking together
  1. The present Future Tense è The Past Future Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : he told me, “I will go to the party”.
    Indirect Sppech : he told me that he would go to the party
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I will not give comment”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you would not give comment
  1. The Past Future Tense è The Past Perfect Future Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : She told me, “I would have a job”.
    Indirect Sppech : She told me that she would have had a job
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I would forget you”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you would have forgotten me
  1. The Simple Future Continuous Tense è The Past Future Continuous Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya dibawah ini:

  • Direct Speech : he told me, “I will be waiting you”.
    Indirect Sppech : he told me that he would be waiting me
  • Direct Speech : you told me, “I will be sleeping”
    Indirect Speech : You told me that you would be sleeping